Drawing after a late Georgian- period house in Taunton, Massachusetts. Our 18th-century originals are confined to the thirteen Colonies, but Georgian style flourished again, more widely, during the height of the Colonial Revival. Georgian design—symmetrical, well-proportioned, simple yet substantial and vigorously detailed—is timeless and uplifting. Rarely does an architectural style last a century, but that is the case with Georgian design. Named for the 18th-century English Kings George to , the style was embraced by Colonists who gave an American twist to variants built from Maine to Georgia during those historic decades of Colonial prosperity and revolution. The Georgian vocabulary derives from Renaissance classicism, born in Italy and flourishing in England from about The first high-style examples are in the South, built usually by affluent tobacco planters. Grand examples—of wood rather than brick as in Virginia—became more common in the North only after
Is Your Property Georgian, Victorian, Edwardian, or Another Era
By Period Living TZ. How old is your house? Finding out won’t just satisfy a curiosity, but also help you pick the right features and finishes for your home. The UK possesses thousands of old buildings whose origins stretch back centuries.
The Irish Georgian Society, Ireland’s Architectural Heritage Society often Studies journal ( to date), both of which contain articles on Irish architecture and.
In a country where privacy is demanded and gardens are treasured but urban space is limited and land expensive, the terraced house has long been the most economical solution for housing. From the graceful stone-faced Georgian crescents and white painted Victorian townhouses in exclusive city locations to the monotonous rows of humble red brick homes which characterise many old industrial areas, the terrace is devoid of social status and seems to simply vary in size to meet the demands of its owners.
However, the terrace has developed over the centuries in response to social changes, industrial growth and catastrophic disasters. By looking at the form, style and details on a terrace you can discover their age and the type of people they were originally built for. Urban areas had developed with little control over their planning and areas became crammed with timber and thatch buildings overhanging narrow winding streets. This disorganised maze of ramshackle properties created a flammable cocktail which fuelled the Great Fire of London.
The vast scale of this conflagration finally forced the authorities to lay down legislation to help prevent it occurring again. A series of acts and regulations, at first in the Capital and later out in the provinces, ensured walls were made from brick or stone, roofs tiled and party walls built so that fire could not spread along timbers in the roof.
Part of the process involved the establishment of different classes of building, their dimensions and even the width of associated streets. This helped shape the form of new terraced houses which would be built during the rebuilding of the Capital. Some of the changes can be used to help date houses. For instance, sash windows which were introduced in the late 17th century were at first positioned flush with the outer wall until legislation from early in the next century forced builders to set them back four inches to reduce the risk of fire spreading along a facade.
They went further still from the s when the outer frame or box had to be fully hidden behind the outer wall by which time they began to be fitted with thinner glazing bars and larger pieces of glass. The Great Fire of London had occurred at a time when the recently restored monarchy had brought back with them from exile a taste for the Classical and the familiar form of terraced house evolved partly to reflect the desire for symmetry and fine proportions.
Georgian Or Victorian? How To Tell London’s Architecture Eras
Uniformity, symmetry and a careful attention to proportion both in the overall arrangement and in the detail characterised eighteenth century domestic architecture. It was inspired by the architecture of ancient Greece and Rome that had been rediscovered during the Renaissance of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and re-codified by Andrea Palladio in Italy in the s; and then re-interpreted again for the Georgian builder by eighteenth century British architects and writers such as William Chambers and Isaac Ware.
Palladian taste promoted order and uniformity The new style can be traced back to mid-seventeenth century London, to Inigo Jones and his design for Covent Garden, a Palladian inspired formal square of the s. Then following the Great Fire of , large-scale speculative building of classically influenced brick town houses commenced in London and by the end of the seventeenth century similar developments were under way elsewhere.
however the persistence of a style usually spanned a broader date range than This gradually altered Irish street architecture from the prevailing timber-cage and a host of lesser known plasterers who essentially built the Georgian city.
Around it, a variety of architectural styles runs the gamut of design. Across the borough, the architecture in Bexley is such that it tells the story of how design has evolved over the centuries — from Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian to the heights of Art Deco and the latest modern styles. Living in Bexley offers a variety of options when it comes to choosing an architectural style. If you are looking for a new home, need more space, or want to breathe new life into an older, more tired-looking building, we explore the main architectural styles found in the borough to uncover the beauty and defining features for each, giving you the tools to design your ideal home.
Georgian architecture strictly dates between and and, while you may not realise it, it is one of the most striking architectural styles not just in Bexley, but around London. At around three to four storeys high, Georgian buildings had no private gardens. Instead, houses were built around garden squares, offering residents an option for some green space and a breath of fresh air outside their home. Most homes would have had a white or cream render.
Whereas the earlier designs would have only rendered the first two floors leaving the remaining floors with exposed brickwork, later Regency styles were fully rendered, giving them an added elegance. Sash windows with small panes are another Georgian design feature. There is one unique feature to early Georgian architecture, though, which defines it from all others. The introduction of a window tax in saw people being asked to pay a tax depending on the number of windows in their home.
Georgian or Victorian: London’s Architecture Explained
Domestic architecture is an intrinsic part of our built heritage, forming the backdrop to our everyday lives. This section gives a brief insight into the evolution of Irish domestic architecture from the classical ideal of the 18th century to the more functional forms of modern times. Large parts of Dublin orignally consisted of gabled streetscapes, similar to many continental cities. The popularity and refinement of the style flourished with the influx of tradespeople from the southwest of England who settled in Dublin during the 17th century, bringing with them the established building practices of that area.
The gabled house type remained fashionable right up until the s, at which point the flat Georgian parapet became standard and most gables were built up or demolished over the following century to conform to the classical fashion.
The city’s oldest building dates to The best surviving example of Georgian ecclesiastical architecture in the city, the plumes above the.
Prior to the modern age in which building materials can be procured from great distances, the architecture of different countries and of different regions within the one country tends to have a special or local character about it. One area, like the city of Dublin, will build in brick, imported as ballast from the west of England; another like Kilkenny uses local pale grey limestone; in Cork the stone is either white limestone or red sandstone or, as frequently happens, the two are mixed together.
Other areas use a mixture of granite and limestone. The roofing materials can also be different: slate, tile or wood thatch. And they can be applied and fixed in different ways. Since building was for centuries a traditional activity employing specialist tradesmen, different ways of doing thing in different areas were handed down from father to son. Vernacular architecture is a term used to describe the sort of buildings which are totally characteristic of a particular place and which have arisen naturally from the use of local materials assembled in a traditional way, almost as if no one had thought about how they would be put together.
Vernacular architecture is the visual language of the ordinary buildings of any city, town or village. It is never designed by an architect but has happened casually because of somebody’s need to have a building in a certain place. The vernacular buildings of any country are the lifeblood of its real environment.
A trained eye may detect the presence of a building dating back to an earlier period, perhaps to about or even before that, by the existence of heavy square chimney stacks, rooms with a fireplace set diagonally across a corner, and the presence of a high pitched roof covering a wide area. Occasionally a wall of thin rubble stones in a back yard may survive from a still earlier period.
The shape and proportion of windows can often provide a guide to the time that a building was built. If they are divided by stone mullions with a moulding – like a label – above them, they will be seventeenth-century or very early eighteenth-century work.
You Didn’t Know it was Neo-Georgian
You might think you know about Georgian architecture but what is Neo-Georgian? Neo-Georgian is the term used to describe any buildings that date from after Georgian architecture faded, c. Following the Gothic Revival, which dominated Victorian Britain in the mid-nineteenth century, the Georgian first began to be reintroduced from about This was part of a wider revival of a number of styles including neo-Tudor and neo-Byzantine as well.
Christopher Wren was seen as the key influence in this early phase of Neo-Georgian leading to what has been termed the Wrenaissance.
Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian Homes: A Guide To Period Architecture. Despite the 20th and 21st centuries witnessing the birth of; Art Deco, Bauhaus.
The more you know about your home, the more you will admire its uniqueness and enjoy its character. Because period properties are highly desirable and those with period features are greatly coveted, asking prices on period properties tend to reflect desirability. All properties — even the newest — date from a certain period, so why is it that certain homes are described as period while others are not? For example, Pre-Georgian houses including intriguing Elizabethan structures and splendid Queen Anne buildings certainly fit the description, as do Georgian, Victorian, and Edwardian properties.
It was an exciting period for architecture, with designs incorporating large windows designed to heighten natural light. In place of smaller, darker rooms common in previous eras, Georgian homes offer larger rooms intended to prioritise comfort while maximising space. During the Georgian era, the staff occupied the upper storeys, while the owner and their family lived on the first and second storeys.
The Georgian Group is the national charity dedicated to preserving Georgian buildings and gardens. It was founded in We aim to protect historic buildings through providing advice to owners and architects, campaigning, and through our role as statutory consultees in the planning system. Our annual awards promote excellence in design and conservation.
Most of the ordinary buildings in Irish towns date from the Georgian or Victorian periods though it often happens that older work is disguised by a more recent.
Posted on 30th August by Alice Kershaw. Read a Jane Austen novel and you’ll be transported back into a scenery of architecture and landscape we today recognise as Georgian. The buildings of this era have a distinctive style and most remaining in anything like their original condition have been given some protection through being listed. Grand stately homes such as Kedleston Hall or Saltram House were built at this time due to the accumulation of wealth by some families.
They created country houses with landscapes and often follies and gatehouses. The most common type though is the townhouse, which was vastly popular in the Georgian period. These were often speculative builds on 99 year leases, with the original intention that once the lease expired the building would be torn down and the plot re-used. However this did not always happen and reams of Georgian townhouses still remain, most notably in places such as Bath.
Georgian buildings are often made of brick or stone, usually local material as it was difficult to transport building material around the country before the railways. Sometimes brick buildings are faced in stone to appear more high status. Or they have stone quoins. Some have render on the bottom floor shaped to look like stone, and then stone higher up. Georgian buildings usually have a square symmetrical shape and are carefully proportioned according to fashionable Classical design principles.
These were based upon the Palladian Classical orders as described by Andreas Palladio , an Italian architect of the 16th century who in turn was trying to replicate the proportions of Roman architecture.